1.5 Operant Conditioning (other principals)
Presented by Sevilay Dogan
Another important concept for us to understand is Shaping, which is rewarding successive approximations of target behaviour. So rewarding and/or reinforcing responses closer to the desired outcome.
Here we will use the example of learning to do a headstand. The keyword here is to ‘learn’.
Learning to do a headstand involves practice and that learning through practice is termed ‘Shaping’ in operant conditioning. So Shaping is the process of learning to perform a headstand.
The target behaviour here is to perform a headstand. So you’re going to learn this gradually through a series of behaviours which may include taking up some yoga classes.
(hover your mouse over each step in the process)
Habituation is a decrease in an innate response to a frequently repeated stimulus
Results in a decrease in responsiveness
Sensitisation is the increased reaction to a stimulus after repeated exposure
Results in an increase in responsiveness